Ecoplatform is a union of
environmental safety experts
In large-tonnage storages of liquid industrial waste, a large amount of waste from various industries is stored. Such storage facilities are man-made lakes with a wide variety of chemical substances. They pose a serious threat to people and the environment, especially if these storages are designed, built, operated or managed improperly.

Experts of Ecoplatform with support of the German Environmental Agency (UBA) and the assistance of the UNECE Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents implemented two international projects on the safety of industrial waste storages in Ukraine, combining the efforts of all responsible parties: representatives of central executive bodies, industrial facilities - operators of industrial waste storage facilities, national and international experts in the field of hazardous object management. Of great importance was the involvement of international experts in safety of industrial waste storage of twelve countries in Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia and the United States, which supported the initiative to promote our country internationally. The results of the projects were presented at international meetings in Hungary, Austria and the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents at the UN Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland (the main achievements of the projects are described below).

During 2018-2020 a group of experts carried out the inventory and research of the current state of the Tailings Storage Facilities (TSFs) in two river basins of Ukraine – the Dniester and the Siverskyi Donets. The studies were conducted within GEF / UNDP / OSCE / UNECE project “Enabling Transboundary Cooperation and Integrated Water Resources Management in the Dniester River Basin” and as part of the OSCE Project Co-ordinator in Ukraine’s activities on environmental security in eastern Ukraine.
Based on the results of the studies, a number of problematic issues about facilities’ operation was identified that require systemic management decisions and consolidation of efforts of all stakeholders to improve the level of environmental and technogenic safety of the TSFs and prevention of industrial accidents of national and transboundary scale.
For more information please refer to the Summary on the inventory of TSFs in the Dniester River Basin (2018-2020), and Summary on the research of TSFs in the Donbas region (2019, 2020). 

Within the framework of this project, which was partnered by the well-known International Pesticide Association (IHPA), we examined each principle and recommendation of the UNECE document "Safety guidelines and good practices for Tailings Management Facilities" and analyzed the possibility of its application in Ukraine. As a result, we obtained an assessment of the situation in Ukraine, proposed measures to improve the operation of industrial tailing facilities and related administrative and legislative decisions.
The developed Methodology for Comprehensive Evaluation of Large-tonnage Liquid Industrial Waste Storages Safety received positive reviews of international experts, and the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube is ready to use it all the territory of its activity.
Foreign colleagues highly appreciated the company's contribution, and the first project was continued, and dedicated to the analysis of the implementation of the Directive 2006/21/EC provisions on the management of waste from extractive industries in Ukraine and training for students and national experts on the safety of industrial waste storage.

The second project was actively participated by representatives of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine, the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine, the State Ecological Inspectorate of Ukraine, the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, competent local authorities responsible for environmental safety in this field and DTEK, which provided a site for training on the safety of tailing dumps.
An educational component was provided by Ecoplatform together with the specialists of the National Mining University and involvement of national and international experts trained a group of students and postgraduates for the practical application of the methodology, developed in the first project and created an electronic training course on the topic "Safety of tailing facilities". 
Analyzing the implementation of Ukraine's obligations under the The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU, namely the provisions of Directive 2006/21/EC on waste management of extractive industries, the project team and in cooperation with specialists from the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine:
  • identified ways to implement the EU requirements for the safety of industrial waste storage devices in Ukraine's legislation, 
  • improved the database of industrial waste recyclers in Ukraine (344 sites), 
  • contributed to the National Strategy for Waste Management, 
  • held a Round Table on the safety of tailing dumps, where they submitted all project developments to the relevant central executive authorities.

As a result of joint and well-coordinated work of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecoplatform specialists, thanks to the professional support of the expert environment, a number of products of the projects have been developed, which are extremely relevant and important for Ukraine in the context of the national eurointegration course:

  • Legal analysis of the legislation of Ukraine and the administrative situation of tailing dumps.
  • The analysis of the compliance of Ukrainian legislation with the requirements of Directive 2006/21/EC on waste management of the extractive industry and the roadmap for its implementation in the context of improving the safety of tailing dumps. 
  • The methodology for the complex assessment of the safety of large tonnage facilities of liquid industrial waste is an universal tool for competent and inspection bodies, operators responsible for the safety of the facilities stored liquid industrial waste
  • Database of 344 industrial waste storage (as of April 17, 2017), ranked by the potential hazard index and plotted on the map of Ukraine (based on the Google maps resource)
On behalf of the German Environmental Protection Agency (UBA), Ecoplatform provided the beneficiary of the project – the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine – with all project development in the form of
"Recommendations for the improvement of the safety management system for large-tonnage liquid industrial waste facilities"

GEF project - inventory of Ukrainian tailing dumps in the Dniester River basin

The Moldovan-Ukrainian GEF project "Facilitation of Transboundary Cooperation and Integrated Water Resources Management in the Dniester River Basin" will be implemented over three years (2018-2020), working to improve the overall management of the basin's water resources and their rational use in accordance with association agreements with the EU. Inventory of tailing dumps in the Dniester river basin is planned to be carried out within the framework of the first component of the project "Detailed analysis of water resources, associated ecosystems and their use". The project activity will use the Comprehensive Evaluation of Large-tonnage Liquid Industrial Waste Storages Safety, developed through two international security projects dedicated to tailings (2013-2017), implemented with the support of the German Environmental Protection Agency (UBA).

During the inventory work, in cooperation with central and local administrations, the number of facilities will be specified, including inactive, abandoned/ownerless and other industrial waste storage facilities. The method of application of the checklists contained in the Methodology will allow an inventory and detailed assessment of the safety level of each tailing dump located in the Dniester River basin, with their subsequent ranking according to the rating of the potential hazard. Based on the results of the ranking, recommendations will be made on the formation of investment programs in accordance with the specifics of the facilities, their location, the status of facilities, etc. With a view to further monitoring data on Ukrainian tailing dumps, it is planned to update the national database of industrial waste storage facilities and develop an interactive online map of tailing dumps based on the existing information resource of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine "Ecomap".

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